Organizing Your Dissertation / Thesis
Bibliography or References
Every dissertation/thesis that uses other sources, either by direct quotation or reference, must have a bibliography or listing of these sources at the end before the Appendices. REFERENCES appears in cap letters centered at the top, beginning a new page. The listing begin double space below the heading. Choose one style and use it consistently for all text citations, footnotes, and references.
The exception is the journal format, which lists references continuous at the end of each chapter. Within chapters, the bibliography does not start on a new page unless there is no space on the previous page or there are not two lines of text to accompany the heading.
- Use a consistent, current academic style for your discipline.
- If bibliography is at the end of a paper, it is a level one heading and begins on a new page.
- Website URLs must contain complete descriptions and dates of the information used and date information accessed.
- Single space references, double-space between.
- Wrap under text, not the reference number. Or, wrap with a hanging indent of five spaces for alpha order.